CAPAZ | Publications
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Publications

¿Qué responsabilidad tienen los gobiernos que venden armas en los crímenes de guerra?

Una denuncia ante la Corte Penal Internacional acusa a las empresas alemanas, cuyas armas se utilizan en la guerra de Yemen, de ser cómplices de crímenes de guerra ¿Es esto posible incluso si las exportaciones fueron aprobadas por las autoridades alemanas? Kai Ambos, catedrático en derecho penal de la Universidad Georg-August-Universität Göttingen y asesor de la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) en Colombia, analiza el tema para la Revista Semana en Colombia.

Artículo completo (en español)

 

Ambos, Kai. ¿Qué responsabilidad tienen los gobiernos que venden armas en los crímenes de guerra? En Revista Semana, publicado el 26.12.2019 [Recuperado online el 07.01.2020: https://www.semana.com/mundo/articulo/que-responsabilidad-tienen-los-gobiernos-que-venden-armas-en-los-crimenes-de-guerra/646414].

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Cider Policy Paper by Sara Vélez, former CAPAZ scholarship holder

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Sara Vélez Zapata, a graduate of the Master’s in Interdisciplinary Studies on Development (Cider) at Universidad de los Andes, and a former scholar at the CAPAZ 2017 Winter School is the author of Cider Policy Paper No. 10, published in November 2019.

The article entitled “Paz desde lo local. La fase veredal del PDET en El Bagre: voz sin decisión” (Peace based within the Local. The rural phase of the PDET in El Bagre: A voice without decision) directed by Professor Mauricio Uribe López is the result of a Master’s degree research project in Interdisciplinary Studies on the Development of Cider (Universidad de los Andes).

The research project was financed by the author herself and involved community leaders from El Bagre, a municipality in the department of Antioquia, and local officials from the Territorial Renewal Agency (ART).

Author:

Sara Vélez Zapata is a political scientist from Universidad EAFIT and has a Master’s degree in Interdisciplinary Studies on the Development of Cider from Universidad de los Andes.

Contact: svelezz@eafit.edu.co / s.velezz@uniandes.edu.co

Abstract:

This article analyses the formulation process of the Development Programmes with Territorial Approach (PDET), from the critical perspective of the local turn in peacebuilding and provides empirical evidence about the role of the community actors in the implementation process of the Colombian peace agreement. The analysis is framed within the national and international academic literature on peacebuilding that seeks to highlight the importance of community participation in processes and initiatives that aim to build shared futures in which violence is not the protagonist. The research question is: which conditions explain the participation level during the formulation of the PDET in its rural phase in El Bagre (Antioquia)? A case study is carried out using a process tracing methodology, thus arguing that the Community Pact for Regional Transformation corresponds to a participatory process of tokenism (voice without decision).

Key words: peacebuilding, participation, turn to the local, PDET, Colombian peace agreement.

 

Vélez Zapata, S. Paz desde lo local. La fase veredal del PDET en El Bagre: voz sin decisión. Cider, Universidad de los Andes. Bogotá, noviembre 2019. 23 pgs. ISSN 2538-9491

Publication (PDF, in Spanish)

 

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato, Cider)

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“El hombre que supo escuchar”: A magazine in homage to Alfredo Molano Bravo

Cover of the magazine in homage to Alfredo Molano Bravo

 

The German-Colombian Peace Institute – CAPAZ is pleased to present is pleased the magazine in homage to Alfredo Molano Bravo (1944-2019), Colombian historian, sociologist and journalist.

The magazine is a publication by Arcadia, in collaboration with the CAPAZ Institute, the Foundation for Freedom of Press (FLiP), the League against Silence, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Colombia (FESCOL), the Universidad de Antioquia, and Penguin Random House Editorial Group.

“El hombre que sabía escuchar” (The man who knew how to listen) is a special issue that brings together texts by Alfredo Molano Bravo himself, his son Alfredo Molano Jimeno (journalist and historian) and Rodrigo Pardo (editorial director of Semana magazine). The latter acknowledges three facets of Alfredo Molano Bravo in the publication: “in the extensive work of Molano, three authors can be identified – the historian, the sociologist and the journalist”.  But even more important is Pardo’s recognition of his legacy: “Molano was always fascinated by the history of the ‘other’ country: the countryside, the peasants and, inevitably, the violence”.

In this tribute, Jeanneth Valdivieso (League against Silence) presents the testimony of peasant leader Marcela Rosero, who met Alfredo Molano and worked with him in 2018 in the south of the department of Cauca. Rosero refers to Molano as an accomplice, interested in knowing deeply and following closely what is really happening in the rural areas of this department. “The mountain is seen as something idyllic, but people don’t know about the conflicts experienced there. Alfredo wrote about these conflicts”. She says that there has not been anyone more committed to the peasantry and to telling their stories and realities – the real ones – than the late Molano.

Commissioner Marta Ruiz reports on his work in the Commission for the Clarification of the Truth (CEV). She highlights two aspects of Molano’s work from the CEV: his ability to listen and his vision of the true meaning of the Commission’s work. “We learned from him that listening is the first act of giving meaning to the other”. She goes on: “Alfredo feared that the siren songs of political correctness, of intellectual vanity or of contemporisation with power would divert the Commission on this unique journey towards a story that does justice and repairs the pain experienced in Colombia”.

Finally, the contributions of journalists, teachers, and editors such as Ginna Morelo, Mario Jursich, and Patricia Nieto make this publication an intimate and historical testimony of someone who was Colombia’s eternal journeyman. To Alfredo Molano Bravo, thank you. To you the reader, we highly recommend this book.

“El hombre que sabía escuchar” (PDF, in Spanish)

 

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)

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Beitrag zu Kolumbiens Sondergerichtsbarkeit für den Frieden von Susann Aboueldahab und Kai Ambos

Screenshot DRiZ 12/2019 (12.12.2019)

Der Beitrag zu Kolumbiens Sondergerichtsbarkeit für den Frieden wurde in der aktuellen Ausgabe der Deutschen Richterzeitung als TOP-THEMA (Thema des Monats) veröffentlicht (DRiZ 12/2019).

Darin stellen Susann Aboueldadahab und Prof. Kai Ambos (CEDPAL/Georg-August-Universität Göttingen/CAPAZ) neben aktuellen Herausforderungen für den kolumbianischen Friedensprozess auch das Engagement der Universität Göttingen sowie des Deutsch-Kolumbianischen Friedensinstituts – CAPAZ und des Auswärtigen Amts vor:

„Kolumbien befindet sich in einem fragilen Friedensprozess. In angespannten Verhältnissen mit Massenprotesten gegen die Regierungspolitik steht die ‚Sondergerichtsbarkeit für den Frieden‘ vor der großen Herausforderung, die Kriegs- und Menschlichkeitsverbrechen der vergangenen Jahrzehnte in dem Land aufzuarbeiten.”

 

Kai Ambos und Susann Aboueldahab. Dunkle Wolken über Friedensprozess. Deutsche Richterzeitung, DRiZ Heft 12/2019 (01.12.2019).

Online / PDF

 

(Text: Susann Abouldahab, spanische Fassung: Claudia Maya)

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Informe elaborado por el Prof. Dr. Kai Ambos con relación a los hechos ocurridos en octubre de 2019 en Chile

El Prof. Dr. Kai Ambos (CEDPAL/Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) elaboró un informe jurídico (Legal Brief) relativo al problema sobre la existencia del elemento contextual de los crímenes de lesa humanidad, con relación a los hechos ocurridos en Chile entre el 17 y el 28 de octubre de 2019. El informe, con fecha del 18 de noviembre de 2019 fue realizado por el experto jurista con rigor metodológico e independencia, en el marco de la acusación constitucional impetrada contra el Ex Ministro del Interior de Chile, a partir de los hechos descritos en la misma (de fecha 30 de octubre de 2019). La versión original del informe corresponde a aquella en idioma inglés. Existe sin embargo una versión en español, la cual, si bien fue confeccionada con base en la traducción realizada por el Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile, debe ser consultada con las advertencias idiomáticas que se indican en dicho documento.
Ambos documentos pueden ser descargados en los siguientes enlaces:
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“Fundamentos de Derecho Probatorio en Materia Penal”: Recent publication by Kai Ambos

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The book presents the results of the transnational research project conducted by the Centre for the Study of Latin American Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure (CEDPAL) of the University of Göttingen, entitled “Fundamentos de derecho probatorio en materia penal” (Fundamentals of Probative Law in Criminal Matters) and directed by Prof. Dr. h.c. Kai Ambos (University of Göttingen, Germany) and Prof. Dr. Ezequiel Malarino (Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina).

In this respect, the works contained in the book, elaborated and discussed by outstanding academics from the Ibero-American sphere, address some of the fundamental and most current problems of criminal evidence, such as the role of truth in the probative dynamic, probative freedom and the reservation of law, models of evidence analysis, standards of evidence, argumentation about facts and their control by higher courts, ethical limits to ascertaining the truth in the process, evidence at the stage of judicial individualisation of the sentence and the principle of contradictory and immediate reception of evidence.

More information

Ambos, K., Malarino, E. “Fundamentos de derecho probatorio en materia penal”. 1st Edition, Tirant lo Blanch/CEDPAL, October 31, 2019. 334 pgs. ISBN Paper: 9788413362502 / ISBN Ebook: 9788413362519

 

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)

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“Institutional care route for the protection and effective enjoyment of rights”

We are pleased to present the handbook “Institutional care route for the protection and effective enjoyment of rights“, the recent product of academic and inter-institutional cooperation between researchers representing CAPAZ, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Universidad Santo Tomás, and the University of Göttingen.

The handbook was published in November 2019 and includes the most relevant contact details for victims of land use conflicts in Colombia, specifically in the Department of Meta.

The problems or obstacles that the civilian population faces in accessing state services are numerous and mainly caused by the malfunctioning of institutions, a low level of supply or lack of knowledge.

The handbook includes some of the state institutions that can be of help in the event of a threat, danger or violation of rights. The institutional offer is divided into six axes of institutional needs:

  1. Security
  2. Victims’ rights and reparation
  3. Restitution and land titling
  4. Crop substitution
  5. Domestic and gender-based violence
  6. Failure to provide timely response to repeated requests

 

The group leads research activities on territorial peace. The University of Göttingen is represented by Prof. Dr. José Martínez of the Institute for Agrarian Law, also spokesperson for this university at CAPAZ.

Read the “Institutional care route” (in Spanish)

 

More information:

Instituto para Derecho Agrario / Institut für Landwirtschaftsrecht

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

 

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)

 

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