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CAPAZ Working Paper: “Territorial Peace: Connecting Moral Imagination and Geographic Imagination”

Cover of the CAPAZ Working Paper 5-2019


Based on the concepts-practices of social organisations, peace is a political process that consists of (re)appropriating a geographic space to develop an economic-cultural project of dignified life, which is ecologically sustainable, and protected from violence and war. The search for peace is territorial because the purpose of dealing with violence is translated into the goal that the territory -that materially and symbolically appropriate living space- will again -or for the first time- fulfil the collective functions that it has lost through the armed conflict. Communities have two interconnected resources with which to restore the collective functions of the living space: their moral imagination and their geographical imagination. The document shows what these two dimensions consist of and how they are connected, arguing that this understanding of territorial peace as a conjunction of moral imagination and geographical imagination is a political-epistemological innovation in the field of peace studies.


Territorial peace; geographical imagination; moral imagination; peacebuilding in Colombia; social movements.



Luis Peña

PhD in social geography and researcher at the Jena Centre for Reconciliation Studies. Researcher and professor at Universidad Externado de Colombia. Co-founder and member of the Critical Geography of Latin American Root group Georaizal. Contact:


Click here to read CAPAZ Working Paper 5-2019 (in Spanish)

Peña, L. Paz territorial: conectando imaginación moral e imaginación geográfica (Territorial Peace: Connecting Moral Imagination and Geographic Imagination). CAPAZ Working Paper 5-2019. Bogotá, November 2019, 52 p. ISSN: 2711-0354


(Text: Claudia Maya, Text in English: Tiziana Laudato)


“Paz en construcción”: A recent contribution by Angelika Rettberg on the peace process

Screenshot website Universidad de los Andes

Angelika Rettberg, Professor at the Department of Political Science at Universidad de los Andes and its representative at the CAPAZ Institute analyses the situation in Colombia three years after the signing of the Final Agreement between the government and FARC-EP.

What is the state of peace in Colombia and what are the prognoses? How do the representatives of the FARC party and the current government behave in this scenario? What about the institutions created as a result of the Final Agreement?

In her concluding lines, Rettberg states: It is no consolation, but it is important to say that no peace agreement has been implemented to the letter. However, rather than a justification for non-compliance, this should serve as a reminder that the implementation process consists of a new negotiation-following-the-negotiation”.

Read Angelika Rettberg’s contribution published on the Universidad de los Andes Web page (in Spanish).


Rettberg, A. Paz en construcción (November 15, 2019, Nota UniAndina No. 55. Accessed November 18, 2019 from: []).


(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


Comments by the CAPAZ Academic Director on the current situation in Latin America for the German channel HR

Screenshot hr-iNFO online

Mass protests on the streets of Santiago de Chile, Quito, La Paz, and other cities; the seemingly unstoppable wave of Venezuelan migration, mainly to neighbouring Colombia and, recently, the resignation and exile to Mexico of Bolivia’s President Evo Morales.

“Der Kontinent der Krisen: Südamerika in Aufruhr” (free translation into English: “The Continent of Crises: South America in turmoil”) is a report by hr iNFO, Hessischer Rundfunk, the German regional Hesse network, on social and economic policies in countries such as Chile, Ecuador, Argentina, Colombia and Bolivia.

The CAPAZ Academic Director and Professor of Peace Studies at the Justus Liebig University Giessen, Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters was interviewed by hr iNFO on the topic.

In the interview, Prof. Peters argued that civil society in Latin America is simply fed up with extreme inequalities and the lack of effective social rights. In this scenario, upward mobility for the most disadvantaged and a narrowing of the gap around these inequalities is unlikely. Prof. Peters also provides an analysis and offers explanations on possible solutions to the current conditions in Latin America.

Listen to Prof. Peters’ full interview with hr-iNFO on the crisis in South America (in German).

The case of Bolivia

And what to say concretely about the situation in Bolivia? The situation in Bolivia is very unclear following the resignation and exile to Mexico of Evo Morales, one of the most visible presidents in Latin America.

“Bangen um Bolivien. Revolte im Land der Rohstoffe” (free translation into English: “Uncertainty for Bolivia. Protests in the country of raw materials”) is the second hr-iNFO report, published in its special issue on current affairs in Latin America.

The CAPAZ Academic Director, Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters, was consulted on this occasion too, specifically on the risks and likelihood of violence in Bolivia escalating in the following days or weeks. Prof. Peters also refers to the extreme social inequalities and racism towards indigenous peoples in the country, to which the administration of Evo Morales as president responded with protectionist economic reforms and greater visibility.

Listen to Prof. Peters’ full interview with hr-iNFO on the crisis in Bolivia (in German).

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


“Der Kontinent der Krisen: Südamerika in Aufruhr”. Autor: hr-iNFO. Publicado el 07.11.19, Hessischer Rundfunk, 20:34 min. Recuperado el 13.11.2019 de: [,podcast-episode-60020.html].

“Bangen um Bolivien. Revolte im Land der Rohstoffe”. Autor: hr-iNFO. Publicado el 12.11.19, Hessischer Rundfunk, 19:42 min. Recuperado el 13.11.2019 de: [,podcast-episode-60268.html].


CAPAZ Working Paper: “The art of memory – The memory of art”

Cover of the CAPAZ Working Paper 4-2019

“For over thirty years, I have been working as a memory artist and have tried to develop, often in joint projects with Andreas Knitz, new forms of the monument. Our works became known as negative monuments (Negativ-Denkmale in German) or Counter-Monuments. They are not erected on pedestals, nor are they cast in bronze or carved in marble. They deal with emptiness, loss, and silence. Like most post-war German children, I also grew up with silence about National Socialist war crimes and the Holocaust. But children feel the silence in the family, they feel the taboo, and later, as teenagers and adults, they barge in with their questions and never stop for the rest of their lives. That’s how it is with me. In this document, I would like to summarise some of my works with negative monuments or counter-monuments”.

CAPAZ presents the working document (04-2019) dedicated to the theme of memory and art, from the perspective of the German artist Horst Hoheisel.


Horst Hoheisel was born in 1944 in Poznan, Poland. He first studied forest sciences and earned a doctorate with an ecosystem analysis of a tropical rainforest in Venezuela. Simultaneously he studied arts at the Kassel School of Arts, and since 1980 has been working as a freelance artist and visiting professor at the Bauhaus University in Weimar. Together with Andreas Knitz, he has created numerous new forms of monuments, including in Latin America. Horst Hoheisel lives and works in Kassel and Berlin.


Hoheisel, H. The Art of Memory – The Memory of Art. CAPAZ, Working Paper 4-2019. Bogotá, 2019, 24 p. ISSN: 2711-0354

CAPAZ Working Paper 4-2019 (In Spanish)

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


CAPAZ in the 100th Issue of Doing Business

Cover 100th Issue of Doing Business

In November 2019, the German-Colombian Chamber of Commerce (AHK) published the 100th edition of its magazine Doing Business. The magazine circulates in Colombia with the newspaper Portafolio, one of the most popular economic and business news publications in Colombia.

As part of the special editorial on Germany in Colombia in this issue, CAPAZ is featured as one of the institutions and organisations of German cooperation and presence in Colombia.

We invite you to read the contribution entitled “Peace requires social development“, written by Academic Director, Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters about CAPAZ and its mission in Colombia and Germany (page 20).

We congratulate the German-Colombian Chamber of Industry and Commerce (AHK) for making it to the 100th edition of its magazine Doing Business, which, for 23 years has reported on the close and fruitful commercial relationship between Colombia and Germany. In the words of Thorsten Kötschau, Executive President of the AHK: “Together we are privileged to contribute a little to the development of the Colombia that embraces us today.”

Download the 100th issue of Doing Business Magazine (in Spanish).

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato).


CAPAZ Policy Brief 5-2019: Conocimiento, investigación científica y construcción de paz

El presente Policy Brief, publicado en noviembre de 2019 por el Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz – CAPAZ (5-2019) brinda algunos elementos conceptuales para entender la compleja relación entre producción de conocimiento y construcción de paz, y plantea recomendaciones para que las políticas públicas fomenten una interacción más eficaz entre las diversas fuentes de conocimiento existentes en torno a la construcción de una sociedad en paz.


Alejandro Balanzó. Profesor titular en la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Doctor en Gobernanza del Conocimiento y la Innovación de la Universidad de Twente (Países Bajos). Contacto:

Carlos Mauricio Nupia. Director Administrativo del Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz (CAPAZ). Doctor en Ciencia Política de la Universidad Libre de Berlín (Alemania). Contacto:

Juan Pablo Centeno. Asistente de Investigación en la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Magister en Gobierno y Políticas Públicas de la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Contacto:


Balanzó, A., Nupia, C.M., Centeno, J.P. Conocimiento investigación científica y construcción de paz. Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz – CAPAZ, PB 5-2019. Bogotá, 2019, 10  p. ISSN: 2711-0346

CAPAZ Policy Brief 5-2019 (In Spanish)


“La educación política nunca ha sido neutral”: Thomas Krüger

Captura Revista Arcadia

“La bpb, institución del Estado alemán, desde el fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial trabaja en impulsar la comprensión de la política y fortalecer la conciencia democrática. Hablamos con su director sobre el desafío de formar criterios en los tiempos que corren, y sobre Colombia”.

Entrevista de la Revista Arcadia con el Presidente de la BpB (Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung en Alemania), Thomas Krüger, a propósito de su participación en Bogotá en el seminario sobre educación política ciudadana, organizado el 5 de septiembre de 2019 por el Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz – CAPAZ y la Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Lea la entrevista con el señor Thomas Krüger (en español, por Hernán Caro. Publicada el 1 de octubre de 2019. Recuperado de: []).


La música que llevó al primer ex FARC a ganar en las urnas

Captura: La Silla Vacía

“El pasado domingo, Guillermo Torres, el ‘cantante de las Farc’, conocido en esa guerrilla como Julián Conrado, ganó la Alcaldía de Turbaco y se convirtió en el primer exguerrillero en ser elegido popularmente, aunque no lo hizo por el Partido Farc sino con el aval de la Colombia Humana. Como contamos en esta historia, hizo su campaña a punta de las canciones que compuso cuando era guerrillero y no es casualidad, porque las Farc usaron la música y lo cultural como otra arma en la guerra. Su producción, de más de 600 canciones, en treinta años, ha sido recopilada y estudiada por un grupo de investigadores liderados por Rafael Quishpe, profesor de la Facultad de Jurisprudencia de la Universidad del Rosario e integrante de Janus, como una vía para conocer la historia del conflicto armado y de las Farc, y como potencial instrumento para la reconciliación. El proyecto se llama ‘Entre fusiles y acordeones: base de datos de la música de las Farc-EP (1988-2018)’, financiado por Capaz, hacen parte profesores y estudiantes de la U. del Rosario, la U. de Los Andes y la Freie Universität Berlin, así como, exguerrilleros de las Farc”.


“La música que llevó al primer ex FARC a ganar en las urnas”. Por: Natalia Arbeláez Jaramillo, Daniela Amaya Rueda, Marcela Becerra. (noviembre 1 de 2019). La Silla Vacía. Recuperado de: [].


Der zerbrochene Spiegel des Krieges. Der kolumbianische Bürgerkrieg im Werk von Jesús Abad Colorado

Cover W&F, 2019-4

Der zerbrochene Spiegel des Krieges

Der kolumbianische Bürgerkrieg im Werk von Jesús Abad Colorado

von Claudia Maya und Stefan Peters

Kolumbien ist ein von Gewalt gezeichnetes Land. Auch deshalb waren die Hoffnungen auf ein Ende der Gewalt nach der Unterzeichnung des Friedensabkommens zwischen Regierung und Guerilla (FARC-EP) im Jahr 2016 groß. Angesichts zahlreicher Herausforderungen benötigt der Friedensprozess heute allerdings die Unterstützung aus Politik und Zivilgesellschaft. Der vorliegende Artikel zeigt am Beispiel einer Ausstellung des Künstlers Jesús Abad Colorado, dass die künstlerische Repräsentation und Dokumentation der Verbrechen durch die Fotografie ein wirkmächtiges Plädoyer für den Frieden sein kann, da es den Menschen die Gewalt der vergangenen Jahrzehnte und deren Konsequenzen aufzeigt.

Claudia Maya, Master of Arts in Media, Communication and Cultural Studies, Universität Kassel und Université Stendhal Grenoble 3, ist Assistentin der Öffentlichkeitsarbeit des Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz (CAPAZ).

Stefan Peters ist Professor für Friedensforschung an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen und Direktor des Instituto CAPAZ.

Maya, Claudia / Peters, Stefan (2019): Der zerbrochene Spiegel des Krieges: Der kolumbianische Bürgerkrieg im Werk von Jesús Abad Colorado. In: W&F: Wissenschaft und Frieden. Heft 4-2019, 9-12.

Zur Online-Publikation (Deutsch).