CAPAZ | Publications
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Colombia: ¿será el momento de la Fiscalía de la CPI para actuar?

Kai Ambos y Susann Aboueldahab (CEDPAL/CAPAZ) analizan las implicaciones jurídicas que tienen en el derecho internacional los intentos del gobierno para restringir las competencias de la JEP, luego de las objeciones presidenciales.

Lea el comentario completo publicado en el portal EJIL: Talk! con el título: “Colombia: Time for the ICC Prosecutor to act?” (en inglés). Recuperado de: EJIL: Talk!, 2.4.2019 []

Lea el comentario completo publicado en la revista Semana (en español). Recuperado de: Revista Semana, 31.3.2019 []


CAPAZ publishes its second working paper: “The right to the progressive access to the land ownership”

The German-Colombian Peace Institute CAPAZ  recently published its second working paper entitled: “El derecho al acceso progresivo a la propiedad de la tierra” (The right to the progressive access to the land ownership), written by Diana Carolina Sanabria Ramírez, doctoral student of public law in the University of Konstanz in Germany.

The paper analyzes the extent of the Article 64 of the Political Constituttion of Colombia, which refers to the fundamental right of the farmers progressive access to land. The document also discusses the problem of  high tenure concentrations in fewer hands as an obstacle for the compliance of the Article 64 and it analyzes if the current legal system privileges the right to property of people who concentrate the land.

This working paper is the first of the editorial plan of the CAPAZ Institute in 2019 and contributes to the consolidation of the research area of territorial peace and social inequalities.

Please click here to download the working paper (available only in Spanish).

Further information is available in the publications section of the CAPAZ Institute.






Venezuela, ganz unten

Foto: Deutsche Welle

Wie kann es sein, dass ein Land wie Venezuela mit den größten Erdölreserven der Welt in einer so tiefen Krise steckt? Der Politikwissenschaftler Stefan Peters liefert im DW-Interview mehrere Antworten.

Lesen Sie das Interview mit Herrn Peters (auf Deutsch unter DW online, 21. Februar 2019).


“Anerkennung hat keine Wirkung”


Ist die Anerkennung von Venezuelas selbst ernanntem Interimspräsidenten Guaidó völkerrechtlich legitim? Strafrechtsexperte Ambos hält den Schritt im für problematisch – und wirkungslos.

Lesen Sie das Interview mit Prof. Dr. Kai Ambos (im, 13. Februar 2019).


“Situation ist dramatisch”

“The situation is dramatic” said the CAPAZ Academic Director,  Stefan Peters, on the crisis in Venezuela in an interview with the German newspaper Gießener Allgemeine Zeitung.

Read the interview with Dr. Peters (published on February 2, 2019 in Gießener Allgemeine Zeitung, No. 28, p. 5. In German).


Boletín/Newsletter CAPAZ No. 4 – Febrero/February 2019

Dear readers:

Resonance and visibility are two aspects that we want to highlight as successful achievements for our operations in the second semester of 2018. The huge participation in activities organised by CAPAZ in Germany and Colombia evinced the growing interest in our work and in peacebuilding in Colombia. By the end of 2018, the name CAPAZ resonated among academic communities, and political, social and opinion representations of both countries. Confirming the positive balance at the end of 2018, we wish to thank the joint work, trust, and your support. We will continue with our work of contributing to the already existing and rich academic and social work being carried out to build sustainable peace in Colombia. Enjoy the newsletter No. 4 and we will see you in 2019!


English version



CAPAZ publishes Policy Brief on the situation of human rights defenders

“Panorama de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos y líderes sociales en riesgo en Colombia 2018-2019” (Outlook for Human Rights Defenders and Social Leaders at Risk in Colombia 2018-2019) is the first Policy Brief published by the German-Colombian Peace Institute CAPAZ in 2019 and the second in this series. It addresses one of the most critical issues in the Colombian context: the murder and persecution of human rights defenders. Its author is Carlos A. Guevara, researcher in human rights, peace and armed conflict.

In Colombia, violence against human rights defenders has intensified and keeps the important struggles that they exercise and promote in suspense, despite the benefits of the Acuerdo Final (Final Agreement), signed between the Colombian government and the demobilised guerrilla FARC-EP in 2016, has brought to the country.

Despite the willingness of previous and current governments and the proposal of certain mechanisms and countermeasures to resolve this dramatic situation, to date efforts have not been sufficiently effective. The aggressions continue and the number of murdered human rights defenders has increased exponentially since 2016.

Especially at risk are rural leaders linked to Juntas de Acción Comunal (Community Action Councils), peasant associations, ethnic communities as well as advocates for environmental advocacy, land restitution, voluntary substitution of illicit crops and political participation on behalf of vulnerable minorities and rural communities.

The CAPAZ Policy Brief raises the need to unify public policy to prevent attacks, based on the progress made with the Acuerdo Final (Final Agreement) and the proposals of the current government. It also recommends the possibility of restructuring the Unidad Nacional de Protección (National Protection Unit) to make collective protection measures possible. It presents the need to strengthen dialogue and coordination with human rights defenders in order to protect them.

As the author says: “A human rights defender or social leader is in him/herself a person who builds peace, democracy, country and society […] by building bridges between communities, state and governmental institutions in the pursuit to claim their rights.”

We hope that the first CAPAZ Policy Brief in 2019 will provide relevant inputs for policy makers and institutional decision-makers concerning the prevention, protection and investigation of these forms of violence.


Download the CAPAZ Policy Brief No. 1-2019 (in Spanish).


CAPAZ Policy Briefs Series

The German-Colombian Peace Institute – CAPAZ has conceived the new series of CAPAZ Publications, which includes Policy Briefs. The CAPAZ Policy Briefs will provide evidence from empirical research of high political and social relevance that seeks to support policy definition or decision making.

The CAPAZ Policy Briefs Series aims to highlight proposals and policy recommendations from researchers on issues related to the challenges of building sustainable and lasting peace in Colombia. Through these documents, CAPAZ seeks to facilitate access to scientific knowledge and the transfer of knowledge from research work to society in general and to different political actors in particular.

The CAPAZ Policy Briefs will be published as useful tools for understanding and addressing concrete problems faced by societies in transition. These documents are addressed in particular to those who design, formulate and have the power of proposition and decision in public policies that can address needs resulting from these problems.


First Working Paper published by CAPAZ

Cover of the first CAPAZ Working Paper.

Salas Salazar, L.G., Camelo, F.E., Wolff, J. (noviembre de 2018). Dinámicas territoriales de la violencia y del conflicto armado antes y después del acuerdo de paz con las FARC-EP. Estudio de caso: municipio de Tumaco, Nariño. Documento de trabajo 1-2018. Bogotá, Colombia: Instituto CAPAZ.

Further information