CAPAZ | Publications
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This section shows our latest publications in the four categories newsletter/SIE, policy brief, working papers and worth readings

Beitrag zu Kolumbiens Sondergerichtsbarkeit für den Frieden von Susann Aboueldahab und Kai Ambos

Screenshot DRiZ 12/2019 (12.12.2019)

Der Beitrag zu Kolumbiens Sondergerichtsbarkeit für den Frieden wurde in der aktuellen Ausgabe der Deutschen Richterzeitung als TOP-THEMA (Thema des Monats) veröffentlicht (DRiZ 12/2019).

Darin stellen Susann Aboueldadahab und Prof. Kai Ambos (CEDPAL/Georg-August-Universität Göttingen/CAPAZ) neben aktuellen Herausforderungen für den kolumbianischen Friedensprozess auch das Engagement der Universität Göttingen sowie des Deutsch-Kolumbianischen Friedensinstituts – CAPAZ und des Auswärtigen Amts vor:

„Kolumbien befindet sich in einem fragilen Friedensprozess. In angespannten Verhältnissen mit Massenprotesten gegen die Regierungspolitik steht die ‚Sondergerichtsbarkeit für den Frieden‘ vor der großen Herausforderung, die Kriegs- und Menschlichkeitsverbrechen der vergangenen Jahrzehnte in dem Land aufzuarbeiten.”


Kai Ambos und Susann Aboueldahab. Dunkle Wolken über Friedensprozess. Deutsche Richterzeitung, DRiZ Heft 12/2019 (01.12.2019).

Online / PDF


(Text: Susann Abouldahab, spanische Fassung: Claudia Maya)


Informe elaborado por el Prof. Dr. Kai Ambos con relación a los hechos ocurridos en octubre de 2019 en Chile

El Prof. Dr. Kai Ambos (CEDPAL/Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) elaboró un informe jurídico (Legal Brief) relativo al problema sobre la existencia del elemento contextual de los crímenes de lesa humanidad, con relación a los hechos ocurridos en Chile entre el 17 y el 28 de octubre de 2019. El informe, con fecha del 18 de noviembre de 2019 fue realizado por el experto jurista con rigor metodológico e independencia, en el marco de la acusación constitucional impetrada contra el Ex Ministro del Interior de Chile, a partir de los hechos descritos en la misma (de fecha 30 de octubre de 2019). La versión original del informe corresponde a aquella en idioma inglés. Existe sin embargo una versión en español, la cual, si bien fue confeccionada con base en la traducción realizada por el Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile, debe ser consultada con las advertencias idiomáticas que se indican en dicho documento.
Ambos documentos pueden ser descargados en los siguientes enlaces:

“Fundamentos de Derecho Probatorio en Materia Penal”: Recent publication by Kai Ambos


The book presents the results of the transnational research project conducted by the Centre for the Study of Latin American Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure (CEDPAL) of the University of Göttingen, entitled “Fundamentos de derecho probatorio en materia penal” (Fundamentals of Probative Law in Criminal Matters) and directed by Prof. Dr. h.c. Kai Ambos (University of Göttingen, Germany) and Prof. Dr. Ezequiel Malarino (Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina).

In this respect, the works contained in the book, elaborated and discussed by outstanding academics from the Ibero-American sphere, address some of the fundamental and most current problems of criminal evidence, such as the role of truth in the probative dynamic, probative freedom and the reservation of law, models of evidence analysis, standards of evidence, argumentation about facts and their control by higher courts, ethical limits to ascertaining the truth in the process, evidence at the stage of judicial individualisation of the sentence and the principle of contradictory and immediate reception of evidence.

More information

Ambos, K., Malarino, E. “Fundamentos de derecho probatorio en materia penal”. 1st Edition, Tirant lo Blanch/CEDPAL, October 31, 2019. 334 pgs. ISBN Paper: 9788413362502 / ISBN Ebook: 9788413362519


(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


“Institutional care route for the protection and effective enjoyment of rights”

We are pleased to present the handbook “Institutional care route for the protection and effective enjoyment of rights“, the recent product of academic and inter-institutional cooperation between researchers representing CAPAZ, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Universidad Santo Tomás, and the University of Göttingen.

The handbook was published in November 2019 and includes the most relevant contact details for victims of land use conflicts in Colombia, specifically in the Department of Meta.

The problems or obstacles that the civilian population faces in accessing state services are numerous and mainly caused by the malfunctioning of institutions, a low level of supply or lack of knowledge.

The handbook includes some of the state institutions that can be of help in the event of a threat, danger or violation of rights. The institutional offer is divided into six axes of institutional needs:

  1. Security
  2. Victims’ rights and reparation
  3. Restitution and land titling
  4. Crop substitution
  5. Domestic and gender-based violence
  6. Failure to provide timely response to repeated requests


The group leads research activities on territorial peace. The University of Göttingen is represented by Prof. Dr. José Martínez of the Institute for Agrarian Law, also spokesperson for this university at CAPAZ.

Read the “Institutional care route” (in Spanish)


More information:

Instituto para Derecho Agrario / Institut für Landwirtschaftsrecht

Georg-August-Universität Göttingen


(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)



CAPAZ Working Paper: “Territorial Peace: Connecting Moral Imagination and Geographic Imagination”

Cover of the CAPAZ Working Paper 5-2019


Based on the concepts-practices of social organisations, peace is a political process that consists of (re)appropriating a geographic space to develop an economic-cultural project of dignified life, which is ecologically sustainable, and protected from violence and war. The search for peace is territorial because the purpose of dealing with violence is translated into the goal that the territory -that materially and symbolically appropriate living space- will again -or for the first time- fulfil the collective functions that it has lost through the armed conflict. Communities have two interconnected resources with which to restore the collective functions of the living space: their moral imagination and their geographical imagination. The document shows what these two dimensions consist of and how they are connected, arguing that this understanding of territorial peace as a conjunction of moral imagination and geographical imagination is a political-epistemological innovation in the field of peace studies.


Territorial peace; geographical imagination; moral imagination; peacebuilding in Colombia; social movements.



Luis Peña

PhD in social geography and researcher at the Jena Centre for Reconciliation Studies. Researcher and professor at Universidad Externado de Colombia. Co-founder and member of the Critical Geography of Latin American Root group Georaizal. Contact:


Click here to read CAPAZ Working Paper 5-2019 (in Spanish)

Peña, L. Paz territorial: conectando imaginación moral e imaginación geográfica (Territorial Peace: Connecting Moral Imagination and Geographic Imagination). CAPAZ Working Paper 5-2019. Bogotá, November 2019, 52 p. ISSN: 2711-0354


(Text: Claudia Maya, Text in English: Tiziana Laudato)


“Paz en construcción”: A recent contribution by Angelika Rettberg on the peace process

Screenshot website Universidad de los Andes

Angelika Rettberg, Professor at the Department of Political Science at Universidad de los Andes and its representative at the CAPAZ Institute analyses the situation in Colombia three years after the signing of the Final Agreement between the government and FARC-EP.

What is the state of peace in Colombia and what are the prognoses? How do the representatives of the FARC party and the current government behave in this scenario? What about the institutions created as a result of the Final Agreement?

In her concluding lines, Rettberg states: It is no consolation, but it is important to say that no peace agreement has been implemented to the letter. However, rather than a justification for non-compliance, this should serve as a reminder that the implementation process consists of a new negotiation-following-the-negotiation”.

Read Angelika Rettberg’s contribution published on the Universidad de los Andes Web page (in Spanish).


Rettberg, A. Paz en construcción (November 15, 2019, Nota UniAndina No. 55. Accessed November 18, 2019 from: []).


(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


Comments by the CAPAZ Academic Director on the current situation in Latin America for the German channel HR

Screenshot hr-iNFO online

Mass protests on the streets of Santiago de Chile, Quito, La Paz, and other cities; the seemingly unstoppable wave of Venezuelan migration, mainly to neighbouring Colombia and, recently, the resignation and exile to Mexico of Bolivia’s President Evo Morales.

“Der Kontinent der Krisen: Südamerika in Aufruhr” (free translation into English: “The Continent of Crises: South America in turmoil”) is a report by hr iNFO, Hessischer Rundfunk, the German regional Hesse network, on social and economic policies in countries such as Chile, Ecuador, Argentina, Colombia and Bolivia.

The CAPAZ Academic Director and Professor of Peace Studies at the Justus Liebig University Giessen, Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters was interviewed by hr iNFO on the topic.

In the interview, Prof. Peters argued that civil society in Latin America is simply fed up with extreme inequalities and the lack of effective social rights. In this scenario, upward mobility for the most disadvantaged and a narrowing of the gap around these inequalities is unlikely. Prof. Peters also provides an analysis and offers explanations on possible solutions to the current conditions in Latin America.

Listen to Prof. Peters’ full interview with hr-iNFO on the crisis in South America (in German).

The case of Bolivia

And what to say concretely about the situation in Bolivia? The situation in Bolivia is very unclear following the resignation and exile to Mexico of Evo Morales, one of the most visible presidents in Latin America.

“Bangen um Bolivien. Revolte im Land der Rohstoffe” (free translation into English: “Uncertainty for Bolivia. Protests in the country of raw materials”) is the second hr-iNFO report, published in its special issue on current affairs in Latin America.

The CAPAZ Academic Director, Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters, was consulted on this occasion too, specifically on the risks and likelihood of violence in Bolivia escalating in the following days or weeks. Prof. Peters also refers to the extreme social inequalities and racism towards indigenous peoples in the country, to which the administration of Evo Morales as president responded with protectionist economic reforms and greater visibility.

Listen to Prof. Peters’ full interview with hr-iNFO on the crisis in Bolivia (in German).

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


“Der Kontinent der Krisen: Südamerika in Aufruhr”. Autor: hr-iNFO. Publicado el 07.11.19, Hessischer Rundfunk, 20:34 min. Recuperado el 13.11.2019 de: [,podcast-episode-60020.html].

“Bangen um Bolivien. Revolte im Land der Rohstoffe”. Autor: hr-iNFO. Publicado el 12.11.19, Hessischer Rundfunk, 19:42 min. Recuperado el 13.11.2019 de: [,podcast-episode-60268.html].


CAPAZ Working Paper: “The art of memory – The memory of art”

Cover of the CAPAZ Working Paper 4-2019

“For over thirty years, I have been working as a memory artist and have tried to develop, often in joint projects with Andreas Knitz, new forms of the monument. Our works became known as negative monuments (Negativ-Denkmale in German) or Counter-Monuments. They are not erected on pedestals, nor are they cast in bronze or carved in marble. They deal with emptiness, loss, and silence. Like most post-war German children, I also grew up with silence about National Socialist war crimes and the Holocaust. But children feel the silence in the family, they feel the taboo, and later, as teenagers and adults, they barge in with their questions and never stop for the rest of their lives. That’s how it is with me. In this document, I would like to summarise some of my works with negative monuments or counter-monuments”.

CAPAZ presents the working document (04-2019) dedicated to the theme of memory and art, from the perspective of the German artist Horst Hoheisel.


Horst Hoheisel was born in 1944 in Poznan, Poland. He first studied forest sciences and earned a doctorate with an ecosystem analysis of a tropical rainforest in Venezuela. Simultaneously he studied arts at the Kassel School of Arts, and since 1980 has been working as a freelance artist and visiting professor at the Bauhaus University in Weimar. Together with Andreas Knitz, he has created numerous new forms of monuments, including in Latin America. Horst Hoheisel lives and works in Kassel and Berlin.


Hoheisel, H. The Art of Memory – The Memory of Art. CAPAZ, Working Paper 4-2019. Bogotá, 2019, 24 p. ISSN: 2711-0354

CAPAZ Working Paper 4-2019 (In Spanish)

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato)


CAPAZ in the 100th Issue of Doing Business

Cover 100th Issue of Doing Business

In November 2019, the German-Colombian Chamber of Commerce (AHK) published the 100th edition of its magazine Doing Business. The magazine circulates in Colombia with the newspaper Portafolio, one of the most popular economic and business news publications in Colombia.

As part of the special editorial on Germany in Colombia in this issue, CAPAZ is featured as one of the institutions and organisations of German cooperation and presence in Colombia.

We invite you to read the contribution entitled “Peace requires social development“, written by Academic Director, Prof. Dr. Stefan Peters about CAPAZ and its mission in Colombia and Germany (page 20).

We congratulate the German-Colombian Chamber of Industry and Commerce (AHK) for making it to the 100th edition of its magazine Doing Business, which, for 23 years has reported on the close and fruitful commercial relationship between Colombia and Germany. In the words of Thorsten Kötschau, Executive President of the AHK: “Together we are privileged to contribute a little to the development of the Colombia that embraces us today.”

Download the 100th issue of Doing Business Magazine (in Spanish).

(Text: Claudia Maya, English version: Tiziana Laudato).