CAPAZ | Policy Brief
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Policy Brief

CAPAZ Policy Brief 5-2019: Conocimiento, investigación científica y construcción de paz

El presente Policy Brief, publicado en noviembre de 2019 por el Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz – CAPAZ (5-2019) brinda algunos elementos conceptuales para entender la compleja relación entre producción de conocimiento y construcción de paz, y plantea recomendaciones para que las políticas públicas fomenten una interacción más eficaz entre las diversas fuentes de conocimiento existentes en torno a la construcción de una sociedad en paz.


Alejandro Balanzó. Profesor titular en la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Doctor en Gobernanza del Conocimiento y la Innovación de la Universidad de Twente (Países Bajos). Contacto:

Carlos Mauricio Nupia. Director Administrativo del Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz (CAPAZ). Doctor en Ciencia Política de la Universidad Libre de Berlín (Alemania). Contacto:

Juan Pablo Centeno. Asistente de Investigación en la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Magister en Gobierno y Políticas Públicas de la Universidad Externado de Colombia. Contacto:


Balanzó, A., Nupia, C.M., Centeno, J.P. Conocimiento investigación científica y construcción de paz. Instituto Colombo-Alemán para la Paz – CAPAZ, PB 5-2019. Bogotá, 2019, 10  p. ISSN: 2711-0346

CAPAZ Policy Brief 5-2019 (In Spanish)


CAPAZ Policy Brief 4-2019: Situación de las lideresas y defensoras de derechos humanos: análisis desde una perspectiva de género e interseccional

El reciente Policy Brief de la serie de Publicaciones CAPAZ se enfoca en experiencias como las de una mujer indígena lideresa y defensora de derechos humanos, y en la situación de las mujeres defensoras de derechos humanos en Colombia. Al ubicar sus experiencias en el centro del análisis, se aplica un enfoque de género e interseccional.

Tapias Torrado, Nancy R. Situación de las lideresas y defensoras de derechos humanos: análisis desde una perspectiva de género e interseccional. CAPAZ: Bogotá, junio de 2019.

Policy Brief completo (en español)



This Policy Brief, published in May 2019, seeks to clarify some basic issues of the conditionality regime, and to pose questions that arise as a consequence of the functioning of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) Chamber for the Definition of Legal Situations.

Policy Brief No. 2-2019, entitled “The Conditionality Regime and Access to Special Jurisdiction for Peace”, from the series of CAPAZ publications, is authored by Juliette Vargas, CAPAZ science collaborator and doctoral researcher at the Centre for Latin American Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure Studies (CEDPAL), affiliated to the University of Göttingen; and John Zuluaga, who is currently an associate professor at Universidad Sergio Arboleda (Bogotá, Colombia) and a member of CEDPAL.

Policy Brief 2-2019 (en español/Spanish).



Cover of the CAPAZ Policy Brief 3-2019

“As the mechanism that should enable the transit of demobilized combatants to civilian life, the Amnesty Law (AL) is a fundamental axis in the implementation of the peace agreement. Part of the novelty of this mechanism is that its benefits apply to a variety of types of people and that they are conditioned. However, the success of the AL depends to a great extent on the progress made by the JEP in fulfilling its other functions, given that the granting of benefits must be articulated with the prosecution of the most serious acts committed in the context of the armed conflict, as well as with the other components of the SIVJRNR”.

This is what authors Kai Ambos and Gustavo Emilio Cote Barco commented upon in the most recent Policy Brief (No. 3-2019) entitled The benefits contemplated in the Amnesty Law and the difficulties in its application published in May 2019 by CAPAZ and the Konrad Adenauer Stitfung Foundation’s Rule of Law for Latin America Programme.

Policy Brief 3-2019 (en español/Spanish).


CAPAZ publishes Policy Brief on the situation of human rights defenders

“Panorama de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos y líderes sociales en riesgo en Colombia 2018-2019” (Outlook for Human Rights Defenders and Social Leaders at Risk in Colombia 2018-2019) is the first Policy Brief published by the German-Colombian Peace Institute CAPAZ in 2019 and the second in this series. It addresses one of the most critical issues in the Colombian context: the murder and persecution of human rights defenders. Its author is Carlos A. Guevara, researcher in human rights, peace and armed conflict.

In Colombia, violence against human rights defenders has intensified and keeps the important struggles that they exercise and promote in suspense, despite the benefits of the Acuerdo Final (Final Agreement), signed between the Colombian government and the demobilised guerrilla FARC-EP in 2016, has brought to the country.

Despite the willingness of previous and current governments and the proposal of certain mechanisms and countermeasures to resolve this dramatic situation, to date efforts have not been sufficiently effective. The aggressions continue and the number of murdered human rights defenders has increased exponentially since 2016.

Especially at risk are rural leaders linked to Juntas de Acción Comunal (Community Action Councils), peasant associations, ethnic communities as well as advocates for environmental advocacy, land restitution, voluntary substitution of illicit crops and political participation on behalf of vulnerable minorities and rural communities.

The CAPAZ Policy Brief raises the need to unify public policy to prevent attacks, based on the progress made with the Acuerdo Final (Final Agreement) and the proposals of the current government. It also recommends the possibility of restructuring the Unidad Nacional de Protección (National Protection Unit) to make collective protection measures possible. It presents the need to strengthen dialogue and coordination with human rights defenders in order to protect them.

As the author says: “A human rights defender or social leader is in him/herself a person who builds peace, democracy, country and society […] by building bridges between communities, state and governmental institutions in the pursuit to claim their rights.”

We hope that the first CAPAZ Policy Brief in 2019 will provide relevant inputs for policy makers and institutional decision-makers concerning the prevention, protection and investigation of these forms of violence.


Download the CAPAZ Policy Brief No. 1-2019 (in Spanish).


CAPAZ Policy Briefs Series

The German-Colombian Peace Institute – CAPAZ has conceived the new series of CAPAZ Publications, which includes Policy Briefs. The CAPAZ Policy Briefs will provide evidence from empirical research of high political and social relevance that seeks to support policy definition or decision making.

The CAPAZ Policy Briefs Series aims to highlight proposals and policy recommendations from researchers on issues related to the challenges of building sustainable and lasting peace in Colombia. Through these documents, CAPAZ seeks to facilitate access to scientific knowledge and the transfer of knowledge from research work to society in general and to different political actors in particular.

The CAPAZ Policy Briefs will be published as useful tools for understanding and addressing concrete problems faced by societies in transition. These documents are addressed in particular to those who design, formulate and have the power of proposition and decision in public policies that can address needs resulting from these problems.


CAPAZ published the first Policy Brief of its Publication series

The German-Colombian Peace Institute CAPAZ is launching a new CAPAZ Publications series. The CAPAZ Policy Briefs report highly relevant political and social empirical research that supports policy definition and decision making.


The Policy Briefs include information about researchers’ policy proposals and recommendations on topics related to sustainable peacebuilding in Colombia. They provide access to scientific knowledge and knowledge transfer reflecting the research work undertaken to society in general and political actors in particular.


Click here to download Policy Brief No. 1 from the CAPAZ Publications series (in Spanish).


For more information:

Juliana González Villamizar

Scientific Collaborator CAPAZ Institute